Medicine In Medieval Serbia
When south slavs came to the balkans, people who already lived there practiced medicine which had its roots deep in pagan and folk practices.But numerous findings of medical instruments, and document mentions of byzantine hospitals in serbian towns, tell us that medieval serbia also had hippocratic medicine.Serbian medieval medicine developed under the influence of byzantine empire and italian states.In the middle regions, church was the one who was spreading that kind of medicine, and in the coastal area intermediators were sailors who traded with italian states.Main characteristics of old apocryphal medicine.
Were mysticism, magic and astrology.According to this kind of medicine causes of diseases were evil spirits, who can only be defeated by good spirits who work in favour of men.That means that healing, recovery from a disease could be explained as fight between good and evil.In byzantine apocryphal medicine, evil that causes all deceases is embodied in one particular person, but in serbia there were multiple evil spirits which cause deceases and accidents in human life.Devils, moras, witches, shedevils, evil nazor, vila, are just some of them.Maybe the most interesting one of these spirits.
Is.It is an evil spirit which causes disease of all body's organs.There is a prayer, from a xvii century prayer book for this evil thing.Oh, you neit, come out of this god's servant and then they say the name of the ill person, out of his head, his eyes, nose, ears, neck, shoulders, hands, fingers, nails, heart, stomach, his liver, his back, knees, his feet, bones, out of his blood and all inside organs.Christ casts you out, now and forever.In almost all collected works of serbian apocryphal medicine, there is at least one prayer for.
Treatment of the snake bites.This of course means that snake bites happened more often in middle ages.Oldest prayer for snake bites can be found in priest dragolj's corpus from xiii century.In it it's mentioned unknown drug called.First it says that you need to take chopped , and put it exactly on a bite wound.Then you should repeat several times this formula i was walking by the sea, and i saw animal skin, and under the animal skin there was some evil, and under this evil there was a snake by the name of hlata, and the snake had bitten a.
Man.Man tied his leg where the snake bit him, and he cried, he cried so loud that christ himself heard him.And christ asked him what is wrong with you man and the man says that snake hlata had bitten him.This prayer sounds more like a story, an unfinished story.But there is another one, maybe more interesting one, that sounds almost as a sort of witchery.It goes like this , , , , , ,.Say this 5 times near the person who is bitten.
By the snake, and the person will be better.Words are clearly of greek origin, although its not certain what they actually mean.These kind of prayers and magic formulas can also be found in russian and bulgarian documents.Unlike apocryphal medicine, in canonical medicine there were only prayers recognized officially by the church.Two most common prayers were big one and small one of saint basil the great.The power of healing was attributed to a lot of christian saints.Two most known miracle s were saint cosmas and damian.They healed not only people but also animals.
Medieval society was constantly under the influence of christian mysticism which could not find reconciliation with biological viewpoint of ancient world.Byzantine manuscripts on medicine were copied from documents by various ancient physicians, and in xiii century, thanks to rastko nemanji they came to serbia.Some of the folk and pagan traditions and practices though were still added in the translation.Some of the famous serbian medical codices are hodosh codex, hilandar medical codex, medical codex .Now we are going to look at some recipes from.
The codices.Cough you need to take quince, dip it into the beef tallow, bake it and eat it.Also you can take garlic baked in honey.Headache for this you need to mix bear fat and horseradish and spread it all over where the pain is.Toothache you need to burn the deer antler, take the ashes, and put it on the tooth.Do this every night until the pain goes away.Sobering drink vinegar three times.Or, eat one cabbage.
Herbs and herbal products history
For centuries, mankind discovered the healing properties of herbs for conservation and preservation of health.When it began to grow morbidity and life expectancy can be reduced, people started using longforgotten recipes to appeal to popular treatments.According to modern concepts, herbal medicine has formed bio genetic complex, which includes existing active substances and other secondary metabolites, proteins, essential oils, chlorophyll, minerals, inorganic salts, vitamins and others.Herbs and healing tool used since ancient times.The use of prophylactic and therapeutic use of various biologically active natural components of plant, animal and mineral origin, and products of the ocean, seas and rivers, has been known since ancient times.More bc in egypt, china, tibet, india and other countries of the east was used very popular system of administration for the prevention and treatment of various diseases in humans through cooked vegetable products and minerals.
Plants in those ancient times and served food and medical treatment.This correlation for thousands of generations is fixed and genetically.Thus the health of modern man, much depends on the quality and quantity of food intake and bio active ingredients.Therefore, their intake is one important alternative for the treatment of people and prevention of different diseases.The history of the production of specialized forms of pharmacological treatment refers somewhere to 130200 g of our era, when they were first developed technological methods for the production of medicines tinctures, extracts, powders from natural raw materials.Herbal treatment has the right to life.A group of british s conducted a study on the healing properties of herbs are traditionally used in folk medicine.Were examined plants from china, thailand, ghana and india.Many of these plants have proven medicinal properties in science.
For example, curry leaves, which the indian healers used for diabetes, reduce blood glucose levels and thus facilitates the patient's condition.Folk remedies used in china and thailand for the treatment of cancer really slow the growth of tumors.There are plants with antifungal and antibacterial effects are also well known in the tradition of herbal healing.In fact, the work of british scientists is the first formal recognition of herbs and their healing properties internationally.With the advent of drugs that are now overloaded shelves of pharmacies and some stores, people have decided that the drug is the best way to combat the disease.Yes, maybe because they are treated more quickly and more symptoms of the disease.But we all need to think about the side effects that may occur in the body by the use of modern medicines.Although it should be noted that people increasingly prefer natural medicines based on herbs and flowering plants.For treatment and prevention of natural medicine, there are different opinions.Some scientists, s have said is nonsense herbal therapy, while others say that since ancient times and people and animals are treated their illnesses using only traditional medicine and have achieved amazing results.
Opinions are always different, but worth knowing how herbal supplements and their essential ingredients help people.We list the main, most frequently used.Ginseng increases the productivity of the brain, calms the nervous system.Raspberry ketones compounds in raspberries that impart their characteristic fruity odor.New research shows that raspberry ketones tend to help in losing fat.They work perfectly in sync with the other ingredients in the scorch to achieve maximum positive effect.St.John's wort herbalists, folk healers, and our grandmothers know the great benefits that one can extract from the herb st.John's wort.Generally, st.John's wort has antiinflammatory, calming, coagulation, antimicrobial, mildly laxative.Extracts of st.John's wort is widely used in pharmaceutical products to beauty products.
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